Keep an Eye Out for Pee Trouble

Urine is another thing to watch for. With males, hesitancy or straining to urinate can be a sign of a variety of urinary problems and should immediately be investigated by the veterinarian.

Males instinctively want to mark their territory. They do this by carefully sprinkling the perimeter of the yard or anything that smells foreign. For this reason, males require longer potty breaks to fully empty the bladder. Males will happily keep urine in the bladder for reserve, in case something needs to be marked. However, this allows any bacteria present to grow, so males should be allowed plenty of time to sprinkle their bladder empty.

In females, the most common urinary problem is infection, especially during puberty and after heat cycles. The main indicators of urinary infections in a female are fever, peeing in the house, and blood in the urine.

If a female is spayed before her first heat, this can sometimes cause her not to develop fully in the lower urinary tract and experience trouble with incontinence (leakiness).