Along with Military Dogs, Police Dogs are some of the most highly and rigorously trained animals in the world. They are trained to operate unflinchingly under very stressful conditions that could easily culminate in the death of the dog, officers, suspects, and innocent bystanders. The dog must be able to quickly become violent to the highest extreme and then, even more quickly return to a calm gentle watcher.

For their lack of an undercoat, the Doberman is limited to warm climates or work that does not involve extended periods of exposure to the cold. In my own experience as a Doberman breeder, speaking with Police Dog Handlers, I have been advised that the attitude and extreme obedient nature of the Doberman is favored. The example given to me is that, in this officer's experience, after catching up with the dog after it has run down and subdued the suspect, the Doberman is much quicker to release. There are three different basic types of Police Dog: the Detection Dog, the Patrol Dog, and the Tracking Dog. Also, many Police dogs are a combination of the two (dual-purpose dog).

Detection Dog

Detection Dogs are the ones called in to find things that otherwise would be impossible or otherwise difficult or excessively time consuming or dangerous to do any other way. The main duty of these dogs is to find illegal drugs and explosives in many different circumstances. Dobermans are good for this job not only for their powerful nose but also for their intimidation factor. Suspects holding illegal drugs or explosives are less likely to resist when faced with the mighty Doberman Pinscher.

Patrol Dog

Patrol Dogs serve much as a partner to their handler. Their main jobs are to protect the handler and to run down and subdue fleeing suspects and usually have some detection training as well. These dogs are trained and retrained consistently to maintain their skills. They must maintain very sturdy temperaments and be instantly obedient to their handler.

Tracking Dogs

Tracking Dogs are used to follow a person's path from a known point. They have tracked criminals from the scene of the crime and children or otherwise missing persons from their last sighted location. Dobermans are not regularly used as Police Tracking Dogs as the trails are often very minute and require a dog with an even more sensitive nose such as a bloodhound.