White (Albino) Doberman Pinscher

The Z-Factor Line

White Doberman Pinschers are suffering from a genetic abnormality called albinism. Albinism is a genetic disorder that causes melatonin, the pigment that gives animal tissue its color, to not be produced in normal amounts, or prevents it from being distributed in normal amounts.

Albinism can cause an animal to produce pigment in varying amounts from almost none to only a slight difference from normal. Albino Dobermans usually have a totally white coat, blue eyes, and pink paw pads, nose, mouth, skin, and membranes.

Problems Associated With the White Albino Doberman Pinscher Coat

Doberman Pinschers with a white albino coat are missing adequate amount of pigment in their bodies to protect themselves from the sun. For this reason, white albino Dobermans can easily be sun burned and their eyes are sensitive to sun light.

Besides the obvious problems of not having melatonin pigment to protect the body, the genes responsible for albinism are closely related to other genes. These genes are responsible for other body functions unrelated to pigmentation such as liver, kidney, and blood functions where problems can develop.

Additionally, behavioral problems have been observed in Dobermans suffering from albinism. These Dobermans have had problems with aggression and adjusting to new situations. The physical and mental challenges accompanying the albino Doberman’s white coat are apparent in that very few, only three at the time of this writing, have received any type of AKC title including sporting titles such as in agility.

Regardless of the obvious afflictions suffered by the white Doberman, there are breeders who follow a philosophy focused on breeding these rare ‘colored’ Dobermans. As I have discussed in other areas of this site, such breeding practices not focused on health create their own problems. The best way to produce a white Doberman is to breed two white Dobermans. This practice further isolates the problematic genes carried by the white Doberman line and increases their probability of expression. This simply means the more white Dobermans are bred to each other the more likely their recessive genetic problems will be displayed.

Where Did the White Doberman Come From?

The first AKC registered white albino Doberman was registered under the name Padula's Queen Shebah born in November of 1976, a product of Rasputin VI and Dynamo Humm, both of normal coat color. All current white albino Dobermans descend from this single blood line. Such line breeding virtually guarantees that any genetic abnormalities will be displayed and is a likely source more many of the health and temperament problems currently observed in the white Doberman.

This line, all descended from Padula's Queen Shebah, has produced more than 11,300 Dobermans of which more than 1830 are white albino. In 1982 the AKC Doberman standard was amended to only include black, red, fawn, and blue coats. White coats are no longer allowed AKC registration. In an effort to stem the destruction being caused by the albino line, in 1996 descendents, possible carriers of the albino gene, are tracked by placing them on the z-list and recording a WZ designation in front of their AKC registration number.