Breeds that made the Doberman Pinscher

What Breeds Made the Doberman Pinscher ?

So which breeds of dog went into the original Doberman of Dobermann’s? We don’t know. Dobermann kept no records and his breeding was haphazard, based more on his experienced intuition than any planned calculation. He was also uninterested in uniform confirmation. What we do know about Dobermann’s first Dobermans are some of their names. We also have a few surviving pictures and descriptions from those close to Dobermann as well as speculations from experts of the time.

The first Dobermans were small with coarse long coats and undercoats. They had aggressive temperaments usually only approachable by their owners. A similar dog in Dobermann’s area were the Thueringiapinschers, which were also know as police and soldier dogs or simply as Schnupps or Bellings, and later as Dobermann’s pinschers. These dogs easily could have been used in Dobermann’s early breeding projects.

In 1933 the German Doberman Club interviewed a fellow breeder of Doberman's, Goswin Tischer, and Dobermann’s youngest son, Robert. The conclusion was that the original Dobermans were likely bred from the German Pinscher. However, contrary to this, in 1943, Philipp Gruenig, a breeder, judge, and historian of Doberman blood lines wrote in his book The Dobermann Pinscher: “in the blood synthesis which became the Doberman Breed the German Pinscher contributed exceedingly little more than his name….” He hinted later in his book that the Rottweiler, Shepherd, Pincher, and Beauceron were likely in the mix.

Before Dobermann, the Rottweiler and Beauceron both existed in some form for a long time in Germany. During Roman times mastiffs, ancestors to the Rottweiler, were common throughout the area. The Beauceron came from France in early 1800 with the Napoleon occupation. Both of these breeds are very similar to the Doberman, at times almost being indiscernible.

The Beauceron has a particularly similar history to the Doberman but with a much longer history with recorded dates as early as 1578. The original Beauceron had similar rust markings to the Doberman and like the modern American Doberman were available in colors such as black, red, blue, fawn, reddish black, and harlequin. In late 1960 the French standard for the Beauceron eliminated all but black and rust and harlequin. Also like the American Doberman, the standard allowed for a small amount of white on the chest.

The most compelling similarity between the Beauceron and Doberman however is the body and head shape, and temperament, which are almost identical.

After Dobermann’s time, crosses to the Manchester Terrier and English Greyhound were recorded shortly before and after 1900.